“Two Nation Theory” may be buzzing in your ears since childhood. Which states that Muslims and Hindus of subcontinent are two totally separate nations from every aspect; therefore Muslims should have a separate homeland in the Muslim majority areas of British-India, where they can spend their lives according to the glorious teachings of Islam.
But, gradually I started encountering people having different opinions. For me, it was surprising at first because these notions go against my text books in elementary school. There are two major school of thoughts which say 1) Pakistan was created with the Islamic Ideology 2) Pakistan was created with Secular Ideology. Both ideologies have the backing of M A Jinnah’s sayings.
The group favoring the secular state quote the speech of M A Jinnah on 11th August 1948
“You are free; you are free to go to your temples, you are free to go to your mosques or to any other place or worship in this State of Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or caste or creed that has nothing to do with the business of the State.”
At one occasion Quaid said that
“he does not want Pakistan to be a theocracy “
These secular groups also believe that Quaid-e-Azam M A Jinnah was religiously corrupt. Their supporting arguments include; he was married to a Parsi lady, his attire was non-Islamic and he belong to the non-Islamic group/sect i.e. Islmaili.
On the other hand Quaid is again rightly quoted as
“Pakistan will be a laboratory for Islam where we can experiment Islam in its true sense”
In the historic speech of Quaid at the inauguration ceremony of Sate Bank of Pakistan, he once again expressed his ideology of Pakistan in following words
We must work our destiny in our own way and present to the world an economic system based on true Islamic concept of equality of manhood and social justice. (July 1, 1948)
Now few questions may strike to the mind, What Quaid wanted then?? Religious theocracy or secular state?? What is the panacea to all this problem i.e. tete-a-tete ?? Why Quaid favored Religious ideology at one time and secular at another??
In my humble opinion, Quaid neither wanted a secular nor a religious state. He wanted a true democratic state. When he said “everyone will ceases to be a Muslim, Hindu, Christian, Sindhi, Balochi, Punjabi or Pathan” he meant that, the citizens of new state will be entitled to equal rights regardless of their creed, color or language. And when he said “No theocracy” or “laboratory of Islam” he actually fore-sought that when 97-98% of Muslims will elect and send their representatives to its constituent assembly; no legislation can go against the Qura’n and Sunnah. hence a laboratory for Islam.
Panacea, to all the Islamists and secularists quarrel is; what Quaid wanted was a true “DEMOCRATIC State” (Islamic Republic of Pakistan, Islami Jamhooriya-e-Pakistan). Long Live Pakistan
P.S Cross posted at mideastyouth
Syed Abdul Wahab Gilani
Author is an MS scholar of Management Science
Member Youth Parliament Pakistan (Sargodha Youth Assembly).